Term 1 Week 6 and 7 – Letters m and d

Week 6 – During our one and only literacy session this week we revised the letters done so far using a Halloween theme.

Week 7 – The two letters we worked on this week were m and d.  We started off with letter m.  One of the important figures in the family tree is the mother or someone who acts as a mother figure.

The children stuck the photo of their mother or an equivalent person on their scrapbook along with practicing the m rainbow formation.  (Steps below).

The children also followed the Jolly phonics story which also spoke about a particular mummy Mrs. Morris and her son Marvin.

The jolly phonics story for the letter m sound is this.

Mrs. Morris and her son Marvin have invited his friends Milly and Molly for dinner.  They are playing outside when they hear a call for dinner.  They come in wash their hands and sit at the table.

Each one says m,m,m,m,  “I am very, very hungry”  rubbing their tummies.”  Mrs. Marvin comes in with the food it is meatballs and mash potatoes.


Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter m sound

The action done when saying the m sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  You put one of your hands flat on your tummy, rubbing in a circular motion, saying /m.m.m/.

Other words which the children came up with are mouse, monkey, mobile, money, meal, moon, mirror and man.

We also mentioned people whose names start with m such as Martina, Maurizio, Miroslav (Olda’s 2nd name), Micheal (Joshua’s 2nd name).  Some children even mentioned their mum’s names too.


  • Step 1 – Start at the top , go down
  • Step 2 – Bounce up
  • Step 3 – Tunnel and down
  • Step 4 – Tunnel again and down again
  • Step 5 – Tail.

m formation

Letter d – Another most important person in most of the children’s lives is their father or a father figure they look up to.

The children were very proud to stick dad’s picture on their scrapbook.

They also wrote the letter sound d on the same scrapbook using the rainbow technique and sorted pictures which start with this sound

The children then followed the Jolly phonics story for letter d.

A boy is tidying his toy cupboard.  At the back he finds a duck, some dominoes, dice and an old drum.  He starts to play the drum, making a /d,d,d,d/ sound.

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter d sound

The action done when saying the d sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Beat your hands up and down, as if you are playing a drum saying /d.d.d/.


  • Step 1 – Start at the middle and make a curve
  • Step 2 – Bounce up and then go down
  • Step 3 – Go down
  • Step 4 – Tail.

d formation

We also discussed other words which start with the d sound.  These are some words we came up with: drink, dress, doll, drum, dance, doughnut, dog and doctor, duck and dinosaur.

The children used several table top games to consolidate these letters such as forming their shape using bottle caps, sand and playdough.

Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, among which you have objects starting with the letters d and m sound.
  • Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound m and d. This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding at first what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence.



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