Term 1 Week 6 and 7 – Letters m and d

Week 6 – During our one and only literacy session this week we revised the letters done so far using a Halloween theme.

Week 7 – The two letters we worked on this week were m and d.  We started off with letter m.  One of the important figures in the family tree is the mother or someone who acts as a mother figure.

The children stuck the photo of their mother or an equivalent person on their scrapbook along with practicing the m rainbow formation.  (Steps below).

The children also followed the Jolly phonics story which also spoke about a particular mummy Mrs. Morris and her son Marvin.

The jolly phonics story for the letter m sound is this.

Mrs. Morris and her son Marvin have invited his friends Milly and Molly for dinner.  They are playing outside when they hear a call for dinner.  They come in wash their hands and sit at the table.

Each one says m,m,m,m,  “I am very, very hungry”  rubbing their tummies.”  Mrs. Marvin comes in with the food it is meatballs and mash potatoes.

m.jpg

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter m sound

The action done when saying the m sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  You put one of your hands flat on your tummy, rubbing in a circular motion, saying /m.m.m/.


Other words which the children came up with are mouse, monkey, mobile, money, meal, moon, mirror and man.

We also mentioned people whose names start with m such as Martina, Maurizio, Miroslav (Olda’s 2nd name), Micheal (Joshua’s 2nd name).  Some children even mentioned their mum’s names too.

Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top , go down
  • Step 2 – Bounce up
  • Step 3 – Tunnel and down
  • Step 4 – Tunnel again and down again
  • Step 5 – Tail.

m formation

Letter d – Another most important person in most of the children’s lives is their father or a father figure they look up to.

The children were very proud to stick dad’s picture on their scrapbook.

They also wrote the letter sound d on the same scrapbook using the rainbow technique and sorted pictures which start with this sound

The children then followed the Jolly phonics story for letter d.

A boy is tidying his toy cupboard.  At the back he finds a duck, some dominoes, dice and an old drum.  He starts to play the drum, making a /d,d,d,d/ sound.

d
Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter d sound

The action done when saying the d sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Beat your hands up and down, as if you are playing a drum saying /d.d.d/.


Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the middle and make a curve
  • Step 2 – Bounce up and then go down
  • Step 3 – Go down
  • Step 4 – Tail.

d formation

We also discussed other words which start with the d sound.  These are some words we came up with: drink, dress, doll, drum, dance, doughnut, dog and doctor, duck and dinosaur.

The children used several table top games to consolidate these letters such as forming their shape using bottle caps, sand and playdough.

Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, among which you have objects starting with the letters d and m sound.
  • Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound m and d. This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding at first what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence.

 

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Term 1 Week 5 – Letter k

The following day we took a closer look at the letter k sound and its formation.  We briefly revised the ck concept mentioned in the previous literacy blog.

It was mentioned that cats have their babies which we call kittens, these too eventually grow up.  We played games on the interactive whiteboard to reinforce the difference between the c and the k.

We proceeded to words which start with the k sound.  We came up with these words, kite, key, kangaroo, koala, king, and kite.

Pictures of every word discussed were put up on the board to help those children who have limited English vocabulary.

The jolly phonics story for the letter k sound is the same for the c sound.

A family is visiting a castle in Spain.  While they are sitting outside a café’, some Spanish dancers appear in the courtyard.  The ladies wear brightly coloured dresses and click castanets going saying, /c,c,c,c/. (As you can see there are no words starting specifically with k because the emphasis is on the sound not on the written word at this level.)

c action

Action of the letter k sound (Is the same for the c sound).

The action done when saying the k sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Raise your hands and snap your fingers together as if you are playing castanets saying k,k,k.

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter k sound


Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top
  • Step 2 – Go down
  • Step 3 – A small bounce
  • Step 4 – Make a loop
  • Step 5 – And kick

k formation.png


As you can see we use the above k formation and not the one we commonly see in books (k).  I showed the difference to the children. It is important that you use this formation of letter k.

Using the curly k as we call it helps the children when they come to join letters together in the future.

 Practice Game Ideas For Home

  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter k
  • Look for things around you which start with the k Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound k.  This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as yet what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence J

The children practiced the formation of this letter on their literacy scrapbook using crayons.  They sorted out letter beans, they also practiced the k formation using large flashcards.

Three Little Kittens Song –

 

 

Term 1 Week 5 – Letters ck and c

As I mentioned in the topic work section we worked with two special sounds the ck sound.

As you can see these are two letters but they have the same sound.  There are three points which make them special

  • They have the same sound
  • They can be stuck together like in back, neck, sock. (At this level we just make them aware that these letters can stay near each other.  We do not go into detail.  This is done in grade 1).
  • They can be written apart in words like cat and k So although they have the same sound we can use them in different words which mean different things.

We started by looking at the difference between a cat and a kitten as animals.  Their first letter sound is different too.

The children played a game on the interactive whiteboard where they had to highlight one letter from the other.

We then took one of the letters c for cat just like our cat character in Room on the Broom and went into detail just like we usually do with every letter sound.

We started by thinking of other words which start with the c sound.  We came up with these words cat, Christmas, concert, cloud, cake, car, carrot, castle, cow, card and cupcake amongst others.  Some of these words were discussed in the jolly phonic story found below.

The jolly phonics story for the letter c sound is this.

A family is visiting a castle in Spain.  While they are sitting outside a café’, some Spanish dancers appear in the courtyard.  The ladies wear brightly coloured dresses and click castanets going saying, /c,c,c,c/.

c action.png

Action of the letter c sound

The action done when saying the c sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Raise your hands and snap your fingers together as if you are playing castanets saying c,c,c.

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter c sound


Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top , make a curve
  • Step 2 – Stop

c formation.png

Practice Game Ideas For Home

  • Letter Treasure Hunt – One of the games I like to give the children in class is that when we have library time, they look out for the letter sounds we have done so far, point at them and say them. This exercise applies to the ck, c, and k letter sounds as well.
  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter c
  • Look for things around you which start with the c Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound c.  This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as yet what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂

The children practiced the formation of this letter on their letter scrapbook using the rainbow technique.

As you saw from a previous blog they also created square cat with square eyes, a square nose and a square tail.

Extra Story – Pete the Cat and the Missing Cupcakes written by Kimberly and James Dean.


The k sound was tackled on a separate day.

 

 

Term 1 week 5 – Letter h

Letter h was the first letter we tackled during the week which goes hand in hand with the hat the witch wears in The Room on The Broom hhat.  Here is a little game you can play with the children at home.

halloween

  • First say the story – Harriet the Witch is flying on her broom high up in the sky; she has orange hair, a hat on her head, a pet hen and lives in a house at the top of a h
  • Emphasize the h sounds as you go along.
  • Then ask your child so what can you see which starts with h.
  • Point to the objects if they do not associate picture to sound as yet.

We also mentioned other words which start with h.  We then moved on to other objects starting with h, such as hill, hand, hair, hedgehog, hot, horse, heart and helicopter.

Some of these words are found in the jolly phonics picture story below.  We also mentioned the two Hailey’s we have in class.

The jolly phonics story for the letter h sound is this.

It is the school’s summer fun day.  Some children are in the hopping race.  It is a hot day and by the time they have finished, the children are huffing and puffing, saying, /h,h,h,h/.

h.png

Action of the letter h sound

The action done when saying the h sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Hold up your hand in front of your mouth and pretend to pant, saying h,h,h.

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter h sound


Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top , go down
  • Step 2 – A small bounce up
  • Step 3 – Tunnel
  • Step 4 – And tail

h formation.png

Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can play the game above or choose other pictures and use the same concept.
  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter h sound.
  • Look for things around you which start with the h. Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound h.  This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as yet what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂

 

 

Term 1 Week 4 – Letter p

The topic work associated with pets and other animals we like led us to the second letter sound for this week – p for pets.

The children found out that there are many animals which start with the letter p sound.  Words like pig, panda, polar bear, and parrot, penguin, puppy.  We then moved on to other objects starting with this sound such as paws, pink, purple, popcorn, present, paint.  Some of these words are found in the jolly phonics picture story below.

The jolly phonics story for the letter p sound is this.

A boy is having a birthday party.  He opens his presents and plays some party games.  Then he puffs out the candles on his cake.  They are trick candles and keep relighting.  Everyone tries to puff out the candles, going /p,p,p,p/.

p.png

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter p sound

The action done when saying the p sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Hold up your finger as if it is a candle and pretend to puff it out, saying p.p.p.


Letter p Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top, go down
  • Step 2 – Bounce up
  • Step 3 – And make a head.

p formation

When working with this letter the children

  • Played games related to letter p on the interactive whiteboard
  • They selected the letter p from other letters written on the little butter beans.
  • They formed p using big flashcards and bottle.
  • They used the rainbow technique on their letter scrapbook using the steps mentioned above.
  • Last but not least they created their own colourful parrot and decorated it with 5 feathers. This craft is hanging in front of our class between the two glass doors. This linked us to the numeracy part of the day. More information in the numeracy section.


Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter p
  • Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound p. This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as just what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂

 

Term 1 Week 4 – Letter t

The first letter tackled this week was the letter t sound, t for teeth. The children became aware there are other words associated with our body which start with this letter sound.

Tongue, two (hands), ten (fingers), ten toes and tummy. There are many other things which start with the sound t.

The children explored other objects starting with t through our magic windows game on the white board and also through the magic bag in class.   These were tiger, tree, table, toys, t-rex, tortoise, tent, top, teddy bear, toothpaste and toothbrush.

It was pointed out that there are many words which start with the t sound.  (Other words can be pointed out to them whilst flipping through a picture book at home or through the games mentioned below).

The jolly phonics story for the letter t sound is this.

Some children go to a tennis match. Each time the racket hits the ball, it makes a /t/ noise. The game is exciting.  The people in the crowd turn their heads from side to side, watching the ball.  The children go home and play tennis too, /t,t,t,t/.

t.png

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter t sound


Jolly Phonic Action

The action done when saying the t sound is associated with the picture story above like all the other letter actions are.  Turn your head from side to side, as if you are watching a tennis game and say /t,t,t,t/.

Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top , go down
  • Step 2 – And tail, lift pencil
  • Step 3 – Go across from side to side.

t letter

Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on the table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter t
  • Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound t. This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as just what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂

 

Term 1 Week 3 Letter n

The second letter we explored this week is n for nose which was linked to the manners and relating to other topic work.

We also saw if we have other parts in our body which start with n words.  The children came up with words like neck and nails. We then moved on to other objects starting with n, such as numbers, newspaper, name, nut, notebook, nurse, net and necklace which we saw on the interactive whiteboard.

The jolly phonics story for the letter n sound is this.

Some children were playing outside.  They pretended to be aeroplanes so they spread their hands out wide and moved them up and down from side to side just like the wings of a plane saying n/ n/ n/.

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter n sound


Formation

  • Step 1 – Start at the top , go down
  • Step 2 – Bounce up
  • Step 3 –Tunnel, go down
  • Step 4 – And Tail


n

(Please follow the above steps when practicing writing letter sound n at home.)

The children made two crafts associated with letter n.  One was a face with all the features with particular emphasis on the nose.  They also stuck a tissue on this craft to remember that we have to sue one when sneezing.  The second craft was a necklace where they threaded coloured pasta onto a piece of ribbon.


Game Practice Ideas For Home

  • Threading small objects onto ribbon, shoes laces or sticks is a very good exercise for the children to develop pencil hand control. Threading objects could be pasta, beads, play dough balls amongst others. (I recommend such an exercise to be a parent and child activity or under adult  supervision)
  • Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound n. This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as just what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂
  • Use a small white board to practice the formation of letter n using colourful washable markers.

 

Term 1 Week 3 – Letter i

The first letter tackled this week was the letter i sound.  As you might have seen from the topic blog we met two new characters Bob and Otto.

During this lesson the children mentioned that they like very few insects such as butterflies, and ladybirds.  The general feel was that they don’t like most insects.  The children learnt that insects have 8 legs.

The children explored other objects starting with i through our magic windows game on the white board.

These were iguana, Indian, igloo, and ink.  It was pointed out that there aren’t many words which start with the i sound. (So we cannot include words like ice-cream at this point).

The jolly phonics story for the letter i sound is this.

A family has a white pet mouse.  One night the cage door is left open and the mouse escapes.  It runs along the desk and knocks over an ink bottle.  The mouse is splashed by the ink.  It squeaks, /i,i,i,i/ and tries to scrub it off.  Now the mouse is called Inky.

ink.png

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter i sound

The action done when saying the i sound is associated with the picture story like all the other letter actions are.  Pretend to be a mouse by wriggling fingers at the end of nose and squeak /i,i,I,i/.


Letter i sound

Formation

i

  • Step 1 – Start at the top
  • Step 2 – Go down
  • Step 3 – Tail
  • Step 4 – Lift pencil
  • Step 3 – Dot

The children practiced the letter i in sand and on their workbooks using the rainbow technique mentioned in one of last week’s blogs.

They also created 2 insects.  One of the insects is in their All about Me literacy scrapbook.  The children had to use their imagination and create an insect using different shapes, chenille sticks and googly eyes.  The other insect is hanging on our caterpillar wall outside the classroom.

insect
The children also sorted beans and bottle caps as part of their hands on letter i session.  They matched pictures to a letter i flashcard.

Game Practice Ideas For Home

  • You can practice the letter formation by using a white board and colourful washable markers using the steps above.
  • You can place about 5 objects or pictures on a table, amongst which you have objects starting with the letter i. Say the name of each object emphasizing and exaggerating the first letter sound of each object and ask your child if that object or picture starts with the letter sound i.  This is a skill which needs loads of practice, so don’t get worried if they are not understanding as just what this means.  Praise at this point is very important to build their confidence   🙂

 

Term 1 Week 2 – Letter a

During the second week we also worked on letter a.  As you saw from topic work blog Spot the Dog became friends with many other animals on his first day of school amongst them the alligator – a for alligator.

We also looked at what special toys and pictures we have in our magic bag and on the whiteboard which start with a – ant, apple, arrow, aeroplane, airport, alligator, arrow, ambulance and astronaut.

We then take a more generic approach to the letter using the jolly phonics programme.  The children listen to a story related to the sound, learn the rhyme and action of that particular sound.

Jolly Phonics Story For Letter a sound.

A family is going on a picnic.  The children help to pack some apples and sandwiches.  At the picnic the children feel something tickling them.  Some ants are crawling up their arms.  They jump up shouting /a,a,a,a/.

a.png

Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter a sound


Letter Formation:

  • We start at the top
  • Make a curve
  • Go down
  • And tail

The children practiced listening to and forming this letter in several ways using a rotation system.

  • They looked at pictures starting with a and emphasized the first sound (As mentioned above).
  • They also practiced identifying letter a from other letters using the butter beans you sent in. As well as bottle caps.
  • They did the formation of the letter a on the scrapbook using various crayons in the space provided. This is what I call the rainbow technique.
  • They practiced a in the sand
  • They also used buttons to form letter a.

a photo

The lesson ended with a craft where the children painted an alligator face using green paint and bubble wrap.

These are hanging on one of our walls outside the classroom along with our big Mr. Alligator.  Here are some photos taken during rotation letter a time.


Please try to spend some quality time with your kids to find objects around the house which start with the a letter sound and say them together emphasizing the first sound.

It will help them a lot to start developing their listening skills in this area.   🙂

 

Term 1 Week 2 – Letter s

During this week we revised the letter s sound done on orientation day.  At this early stage the emphasis should be on how the children become aware of listening to the first sound in words as opposed to writing the letter with a pencil.

Letter writing using a pencil is covered later on.  Letter writing is done indirectly through painting, colouring and various crafts as you saw on orientation day.

In class we will be developing the skill of listening to the first sound in words by looking at various objects and saying their names, emphasizing the first sound in each word example sssss-snake, sssss- sun, sssss-star……..  At first the letter sound is associated with the topic work like we had the s for school bag because the theme in class was Going to School.

We then take a more generic approach to the letter using the jolly phonics programme.  The children listen to a story related to the sound, learn the rhyme and action of that particular sound.

Jolly Phonics Story For Letter s sound

A boy went to the park with his dog.  They heard a hissing sound in the grass ssssss.  They saw Sam the snake.  It hissed sssss and slithered by.

snake
Jolly Phonic Rhyme Letter s sound

Letter Formation:

  • We start at the top
  • Make a curve
  • Go down the slope
  • And curve back like a snake

The children practiced listening to and forming this letter in several ways using a rotation system.

  • They looked at pictures starting with s and emphasized the first sound (Pictures were snow, spaghetti, strawberry, seal, sand castle and s)
  • They also practiced identifying letter s from other letters using the butter beans you sent in.
  • They also used buttons to form letter s.
  • Last but not least they practiced s in the sand.
  • They did the formation of the letter s on the scrapbook using various crayons in the space provided. This is what I call the rainbow technique.

s

Please try to spend some quality time with your kids to find objects around the house which start with the s letter sound and say them together emphasizing the first sound.

It will help them a lot to start developing their listening skills in this area   🙂